Varroa Mite Reference Index: Wa - Wr

Wachendörfer, G., Fijalkowski, J., Kaiser, E., Seinsche, D., Siebentritt, J. 1985. Labor- und Feldversuche mit der Illertisser Milbenplatte als neue Anwendungsform der Ameisensäure im Rahmen der Varroatose-Bekämpfung. [Laboratory and field tests with the illertisser milbenplatte (= mite plate) a new way of application of formic acid to control varroatosis.] Apidologie 16(3):291-306.

Wachendörfer, G., Kaiser, E., Koeniger, N., Klepsch, A., Maul, V. 1984. Derzeitiger Stand der Untersuchungen zur Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit mit einem von Krämer modifizierten Ameisensäure-Dämmplatten-Verfahren zur Varroatosebekämpfung. Dtsch. tierarztl. Wochenschr. 91:189-193.

Wachendörfer, G., Keding, I. 1988. Evaluation of residues in honey after the use of Varroa-treament chemicals in view of the official food control. Allegemeine Deutsche Imkerzeitung. 22: 414-421.

Wachendörfer, G., Klepsch, A., Stoya, W., Kaiser, E. 1985. Derzeitiger Stand der medikamentellen Behandlung der Varroatose mit neuen Ameisensäureverdunstungssystemen. Alle. dtsch. Imderztg. 19(10):300-306.

Wachendörfer, G., Valder, W. A., Kaiser, E., Maul, V., Wissen, W., Ruttner, F., Harlander, P., Becker, W., Bottin, F. 1981. Erfahrungen mit dem Akarizid K 79 (Chlordimeformhydrochlorid) in Hessen zur Bekämpfung der Varroatose der Honigviene. Dtsch tierärztl. Wochenschr. 88:161-168.

Wachendörfer, G., Valder, W. A., Kaiser, E., Maul, V., Wissen, W., Ruttner, F., Harlander, P., Becker, W., Bottin, F. [same list?] 1983. Labor- und Feldversuche mit einem von Krämer modifizierten Ameisensäure-Dämmplatten-Verfahren zur Varroatosebekämpfung. Allg. dtsch. Imkerztg. 17:339-344.

Waller, G.D., Hines, L. H. 1990. A search for tracheal mite resistance in Arizona honey bees. Amer. Bee J. 130, 818.

Wallner, K. 1992. Diffusion von Varroazid-Rückständen von Wachs in Honig. Apidologie 23: 387-389.

Wallner, A. 1991. [Beekeeping today. My management method; Varroa-killing bees; selection criteria.] Allios Wallner. 100 pp. (A. A. 1992, #1313)

Wallner, A. 1994. Der Varroakillerfaktor. Dtsch. Bienen J. 2: 372-374.

Wallner, K. 1995. The use of varroacides and their influence on the quality of bee products. Amer. Bee J. 135(12): 817-821. (Pesticides that accumulate in beeswax may end up in the honey, esp from pieces of wax in honey; 10 ugkg or 10 ppb found in honeydew honey; 8 mgkg or 8 ppm found in propolis.)

Walls, R. K. 1996. Ltrs. To Editor: Essential oils for mite control. Amer. Bee J. 136(10): Beckley, WV; saw potential problems with Q-rearing in nuc wwg patty.

*Watanabe, M. E. 1994. Pollination worries rise as honey bees decline. Science 265:1170. quotes Orley Taylor, Univ. Kansas, discusses VM, TM., quotes Morse--"feral bees gone", "resistance arises spontaneously in mite-infested colonies", "develop of resis. may solve mite problem in 10 years.."

Wehrle, L. P., Welch, P. S. 1925. The occurrence of mites in the tracheal system of certain Orthoptera. Annals Entomol. Soc. Amer. 18 (1): 35-44.

Weinberg, K. P., Madel, G. 1985. The influence of the mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. on the protein concentration and the haemolymph volume of the blood of worker bees and drones of the honey bee Apis mellifera. Apidologie 16:421-435. cited Arnold 1990.

*Weiting, J., Ferenz, H. J. 1991. Behavioral study on the invasion of honey bee brood by the mite Varroa jacobsoni on wax combs and ANP combs. Amer. Bee J. 131:117-118.

Wenner, A. M., Thorp, R. W., Barthell, J. F. 1995. Varroa mites in an island ecosystem. PP. 831-832 in Proceedings of the American Bee Research Conference, Sep. 23-25, Univ. Ga., Amer. Bee J. 135(12): 825-833. [trying to eliminate honey bees from Santa Cruz Island, Ca--to restore natural pollinators; imported and released 90 VM in 1994--following the spread of Varroa, hoping it will elliminate Honey Bees.)

Whetzel, D. 1993. Ttake the bite out of tracheal mites. Bee Culture 121: 100-102.

White, G. F. 1917. Sacbrood. USDA, Bull. NO. 431.

White, P. G. 1921. The pathology of the Isle of Wight Disease in hive bees. Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 52:755-764.

Wiegers, F. P. 1986. [Find title.] 3rd Experts’ Group Meeting on European Research on Varroatosis. Bad Homburg, 15-17 Oct. 1986, pp. ? cited Arnold 1990.

Wiegers, F. P. 1986. Transmission of acute paralysis virus by the honeybee parasite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. In: Fundamental and Applied Aspects of Invertebrate Pathology (Samson, R. A., Vlak, J. M., Peters, D., eds.) 4th Int. Colloq. Invertebr. Pathol., Wageningen, P. 152.mites transmit virus from pupa to pupa; virus does not increase in Varroa mite.

Wiegers, F. P. 1988. Transmission of honeybee viruses by Varroa jacobsoni Oud. In "Present status of varroatosis in Europe and progress in the varooa mite control.", R. Cavalloro, ed., pp. 99-104. E. E. C., Luxembourg.

Wienands, A. 1988. Synopsis der weltweit gegen die Varroa-Milbe der Honigbienen eingesetzten Präparate. Allgemeine Deutsche Imkerzeitung 22: 313-315.

Wienands, A., Madel, G. 1988. Hamozyten der Honigbiene, Apis mellifera, und ihre Veranderungen durch Varroatose (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Entomologia Generalis 14(2):81-92.

*Wieting, J., Ferenz, H.-J. 1991. Behavioral study on the invasion of honey bee brood by the mite Varroa jacobsoni on wax combs and ANP combs. Amer. Bee J. 131: 117-118.

Wigglesworth, V. B. 1983. The physiology of insect tracheoles. In: Advances in Insect Phys. 17:85-148. Academic Press, NY.

Wilkins, A. L., Lu, Y., Molan, P. C. 1993. Extractable organic substances from New Zealand unifloral manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) honeys. J. Apic. Res. 32(1):3-9.

Wilkins, A. L., Lu, Y., Tan, S.-T. 1993. Extractives from New Zealand honeys. 4. Linalool derivatives and other components from nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) honey. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41(6):873-878.Linalool is an essential oil and may be able to kill of impair reproduction of varroa mite.

*Wilkins, A. L., Tan, S.-T., Molan, P. C. 1995. Extractable organic substances from New Zealand unifloral vipers bugloss (Echium vulgare) honey. J. Apic. Res. 34(2): 73-78. This is a model for similar studies that should be performed in areas where varroa mites fail to thrive in colonies; eg, Brazil, New Guinea, in an attempt to find the essential oil that reduces or prevents varroa mite reproduction. (And, which may kill varroa mites).

Willie, H. 1966. Die Milbe (Acarapis woodi) in Zusammenhang mitt anderen Krankheitserregern. Südwestdeutsch. Imker 18:322-324.

Wilson, W. T. 1990. Tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi): an overview. Abstract, Eastern U.S. Tracheal Mites Symposium. Amer. Bee J. 130: 185.

Wilson, W. T., Baxter, J. R., Rubink, W. L., Garza-Q., C., Collins, A. M. 1995. Parasitic mite population changes during Africanization of managed honey bee colonies in Mexico. P. 833 in Proceedings of the American Bee Research Conference, Sep. 23-25, Univ. Ga., Amer. Bee J. 135(12): 825-833.

Wilson, W. T., Collins, A. M. 1991. Spring applications of formic acid for control of Acarapis woodi. Proc. Amer. Bee Res. Conf., Amer. Bee J. 131(12):785.

*Wilson, W.T., Cox, R.L. & Moffett J.O. 1990. Menthol-grease board: a new method of adminstering menthol to honey bee colonies. Amer. Bee J. 130 (6): 409-412.

Wilson, W. T., Cox, R. L. & Moffett J. O., Ellis, M. 1990. Improved survival of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies from long-term suppression of tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi Rennie) with menthol. Bee Science 1:48-54.

Wilson, W., Elliott, J. R., Lackett, J. J. 1970. Antibiotic treatments last longer. Amer. Bee J. 110(9):348, 351.

Wilson, W.T., Elliott, J. R., Lackett, J. J. 1970. Antibiotic treatments that last longer. Gleanings Bee Cult. 98 (9): 536-537, 570.

*Wilson, W.T., Moffett, J. O., Cox, R. L., Maki, D. L., Richardson, H., Rivera, R. 1988. Menthol treatment for Acarapis woodi control in Apis mellifera and the resulting residues in honey. In: Africanized Honey Bees and Bee Mites (Ed. by G. R. Needham, R. E. Page, Jr., M. Delfinado-Baker, & C. E. Bowman), pp. 535-540. Chichester: Ellis Horwood, Ltd.

Wilson, W. T., Nunamaker, R. A. 1982. The infestation of honey bees in Mexico with Acarapis woodi. Amer. Bee J 122(7):503-505,508.cit-Wilson et al. 1988

Wilson, W. T., Nunamaker, R. A., Maki, D. 1984. The occurrence of brood diseases and absence of the Varroa mite in honey bees from Mexico. Amer. Bee J. 124(1):51-53.

Winston, M. 1995. We need alternatives. Pesticide Resistance. Bee Culture 123(7): 389-390.

Wissen, W., Maul, V. 1980. Untersuchungen zur Anwendungstechnik von Ameisensäure bei der Varroatosebekämpfung. In: Diagnose und Therapie der Varroatose, Apimondia Symp. Oberursel-Bad Homburg, 1980. Bukarest, apimondia Verlag, 1981, pp. 120-124.

*Witherell, P. C., Bruce, W. A. 1990. Varroa mite detection in beehives: evaluation of sampling methods using tobacco smoke, fluvalinate smoke, Amitraz smoke, and ether roll. Amer. Bee J. 130:127-129.

*Wolff, B. E. 1990. Notice of Quarantine (dated 14 Oct. 1987). Bee Aware 60:6-8.filed under Tomasko

Wongsiri, S., Tangkonensing, P. 1987. Bee mites control in Thailand. Proceedings, Workshop on Parasitic bee Mites and their conrol. Pp. 65-69. (A. A. 1992, #1402)

Wongsiri, S., Tangkonensing, P., Sylvester, H. A. 1987. Mites, pests and beekeeping with Apis cerana and Apis mellifera in Thailand. Amer. Bee. J. 127:500-503.

Woyke, J. 1963. Rozpoznawanie plci zywych larw pszczilich. Pszczelnicze Zeszyty Naukowe 7(1):23-31.

Woyke, J. 1984. Survival and prophylactic control of Tropilaelaps clareae infesting Apis mellifera colonies in Afghanistan. Apidologie 15(4):421-433.

Woyke, J. 1985. Further investigation into control of the parasitic bee mite Tropilaelaps clareae without medication. J. Apic. Res.24: 250-254.

Woyke, J. 1987. Length of stay of the parasitic bee mite Tropilaelaps clareae outside sealed honeybee brood cells as a basis for its effective control. J. Apic. Res. 26:104-109.

Woyke, J. 1987. Comparative population dynamics of Tropilaelaps clareae and Varroa jacobsoni mites on honey bees. J. Apic. Res.26: 196-202.

*Woyke, J. 1989. Breeding of honey bees resistant to Varoa jacobsoni. Amer. Bee J. 129:21-22..

Woyke, J. 1989. Change in shape of Tropilaelaps clareae females and the onset of egg laying. Journal of Apic. Res. 28(4):196-200.

Woyke, J. 1993. Survival and reproduction of Tropilaelaps clareae. Abstr., 33rd Intern. Congr. Apic., Beijing. pp. 101-102.

Woyke, J. 1993. Practical control method of the parasitic bee mite Tropilaelaps clareae. Amer. Bee J. 133(7):510-511.

Woyke, J. 1993. Adult Tropilaelaps clareae males can feed and survive for two weeks. Apidologie (in press).

*Woyke, J. 1994. Tropilaelaps clareae females can survive for four weeks when given open bee brood of Apis mellifera. J. Apic. Res. 33(1):21-25.

*Woyke, J. 1994. Repeated egg laying by females of the parasitic honeybee mite Tropilaelaps clareae Delfinado and Baker. Apidologie 25:327-330.

Wright, Walt. 1996. Spring management is mandatory with tracheal mites. Amer. Bee J. 136(3): 113-114.

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