Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program
Congress established SARE in 1988 to support research and education projects that encourage the future economic viability of US agriculture, promote ecologically sound agricultural practices and sustain rural communities. SARE funding is authorized under Subtitle B of Title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990. SARE research and education projects advance production and marketing techniques that are profitable, make the most efficient use of nonrenewable resources, integrate natural biological cycles and controls, reduce reliance on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and prevent agricultural pollution. SARE is a competitive grants program with a regional orientation and leadership structure.
For a better understanding from a national perspective, link to the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN), which serves as the communication and outreach arm of SARE.
It is managed from four regional bases. The Western Region is made up of the following western states and territories - Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming; and American Samoa, Guam, Micronesia, and N. Mariana Islands. The states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin function in the North Central Region. Southern U.S. SARE's regional administrative councils are broad and diverse in membership, including farmers, ranchers, agribusiness, and representatives of non-profit, private, government, and academic organizations. It serves the agriculture of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virginia Islands. The Northeast Region includes Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia and Washington, D.C. This structure allows each administrative council to be responsive to the needs in its region.
SARE has a partner program, Agriculture in Concert with the Environment (ACE). Established in 1991, it is a joint effort of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA), with emphasis on reducing the use of agricultural chemicals and protecting environmentally sensitive areas.
In the Northeast, SARE and ACE are integrated into a single program. Northeast SARE and ACE project focus on the mainstays of agriculture in the region: dairy, vegetables, small fruit, apples, agronomic crops, forestry, and forage agriculture.
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