Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
Squaw Huckleberry, Buckberry or Deerberry - Vaccinum
Sourtop (Velvetleaf Blueberry - V. myrtilloides
Late Low (Early Sweet) Blueberry - V. vacillans
Early Low (Lowbush) Blueberry - V. angustifolium
Upland Low (Pale) Blueberry - V. pallidum
Highbush (Swamp) Blueberry - V. corymbosum
|Form:||Blueberries in general: Leaves are alternate, simple small elliptic, deciduous or persistent. Twigs are slender, reddish or greenish, covered with many raised warts and often zigzag. Flowers bloom in spring or early summer and are small greenish-white or pinkish. Fruits are edible, often blue or blue-black and contain many small seeds.|
|Bark and Twigs:||Squaw Huckleberry -
Much branched shrub to 5 feet tall with hairy twigs.
Sourtop - Dense, flat-topped shrub to 3 feet tall, crowded branches that are very hairy.
Late Low - Open shrub to 3 feet tall, forming colonies.
Early Low - Open shrub to 2 feet tall, forming dense extensive colonies.
Upland Low - Open, straggling shrub to 2 feet tall, twigs are smooth.
Highbush - Tall shrub of variable a appearance, often flat-topped, to 12 feet tall (usually 6 to 8 feet).
|Leaves:||Squaw Huckleberry - 1
to 3 inches long, slightly hairy or smooth, whitened
Sourtop - 3/4 to 1-1/2 inches long, smooth margin, velvety above and beneath.
Late Low - 1/2 to 2 inches long, dull green above and whitish beneath, older leaves often leathery.
Early Low - 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches long, sometimes pale or hairy beneath (usually smooth), small teeth on margin, narrowly elliptic.
Upland Low - 1-1/2 to 2 inches long, green beneath, small teeth on margin, veiny pattern
Highbush - 1-1/2 to 3 inches long, green and hairy beneath (sometimes pale beneath).
|Fruit:||Squaw Huckleberry -
Green or yellow, juicy, sour and tough skinned,
Sourtop - Blue, sour but of good flavor, July-August.
Late Low - Blue, sweet, June-July.
Early Low - Bright blue, excellent flavor, June-July.
Upland Low - Dark blue or black, July.
Highbush - Blue to black, covered with whitish powder, sweet, July-August.
Compiled by: Linnie Coon, outdoor writer and naturalist, Comfort, West Virginia
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core