Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
Red-osier - Cornus stolonifera
Kinnikinnik - C. amonum
Pale Dogwood - C. obliqua
Gray Dogwood - C. racemosa
Alternate-leaved Dogwood - C. alternifolia
Round-leaved Dogwood - C. rugosa
|Dogwood Family: Shrubs or small trees with deciduous, opposite, (except Alternate-leaved Dogwood) simple leaves with prominent leaf veins running parallel to the leaf tip. Flowers are whitish clusters, 2 to 3 inches in diameter and are flat or rounded.|
|Form:||Red-osier - Loose
spreading, suckers freely, to 10 feet tall.
Kinnikinnik - Young shrubs rounded, older shrubs straggling and open, to 10 feet tall.
Pale - Young shrubs rounded, older shrubs straggling and open, 10 feet tall.
Gray - Slender shrubs that sucker profusely and spread readily, 15 feet tall.
Alternate-leaved - Shrub to 20 feet tall, open with branches forming layers or tiers.
Round-leaved - Course shrub to 10 feet tall.
|Bark and Twigs:||Red-osier - Bright red
or green twigs, white pith.
Kinnikinnik - Dull purple (reddish in winter), silky hairy twigs, brown pith.
Gray - Twigs gray to brown, pith brown.
Alternate-leaved - Greenish twigs, alternate, pith white.
Round-leaved - Green to reddish twigs with purple blotches.
|Leaves:||Red-osier - Whitened
beneath, purple to red fall color.
Kinnikinnik - Egg-shaped with rounded base, brown to reddish hairs on veins beneath, reddish purple fall.
Pale - Similar to Kinnikinnik but more narrow, tapering leaf bases, white hairy beneath, 2 times long as broad.
Gray - Whitened beneath, purplish in fall.
Alternate-leaved - 1 to 3 inch petioles, long tapering tips, leaves crowded at tip of twigs, reddish purple fall color.
Round-leaved - Wide egg-shaped to nearly round, woolly beneath.
|Flowers and Fruits:||Red-osier - Flowers in
small, white, flat-topped clusters in late May or June.
Fruit white (Sept.).
Kinnikinnik - Flowers in small white flat-topped clusters covered with silky hairs, fruit bluish with white blotches.
Pale - Similar to Kinnikinnik.
Gray - Flowers in small (1 to 2 inch diameter) rounded clusters in late May or June, fruit white with showy red stalks that remain through late fall and early winter.
Alternate-leaved - Flowers in small whitish clusters that are flat-topped, bloom from May to June, very fragrant, fruit is blue-black with showy red stalks, waxy covered.
Round-leaved - Flowers in white flat-topped clusters from May to June, fruit is light blue (Aug. - Oct.).
Compiled by: William N. Grafton, naturalist, botanist and wildlife specialist, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core