Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
Fox Grape - Vitis labrusca
Summer Grape - V. aestivalis
Riverbank Grape - V. riparia
Winter Grape - V. vulpina
Sand Grape - V. rupestris
Muscadine - V. rotundifolia
|Form:||Woody vines with old shaggy bark that trail on the ground or, more often, climb trees using coiling reddish-green tendrils.|
|Bark and Twigs:||Fox & Summer -
Twigs with dense reddish hairs, tendril opposite every
third leaf. Pith interrupted by woody partition at each
Riverbank & Winter - Tendrils missing from every third leaf. Pith interrupted by woody partition at each node.
Sand - Tendrils none or only at uppermost nodes, pith continuous.
Muscadine - Tendrils not forked, pith brown and continuous in nodes. Bark smooth and dark with small dots.
|Leaves:||In general, are deciduous, alternate,
simple and usually palmately lobed or toothed on the
Fox & Summer - Red woolly felt-like hairs beneath.
Riverbank - Hairy below and long pointed leaf tips.
Winter - Smooth and green beneath.
Sand - Smooth, shiny, wider than long.
Muscadine - Small and shiny green above and below.
|Flowers:||Green in long clusters.|
|Fruit:||Fox - Black or purple
and sweet, 1/2 to 1 inch diameter.
Summer - Dark purple to black, slight white cast on fruit, 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter.
Riverbank - Blue to black, 1/3 to 1/2 inch diameter.
Winter - Small, black, 1/8 to 1/4 inch diameter.
Sand - Small, black, shiny and slightly flattened, 1/8 to 1/4 inch diameter.
Muscadine - Purplish, sweet and large without a white cast on fruits, 1/2 to 1 inch diameter.
Compiled by: William N. Grafton, naturalist, botanist and wildlife specialist, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core