Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
Black Haw - Viburnum
Downy Arrowwood - V. rafinesquianum
Dockmackie (Maple-leaf Arrowwood) - V. acerfolium
|Viburnum Family - Small trees or shrubs, deciduous with opposite, simple leaves that have smooth, toothed or lobed edges. Clusters of white rounded or flat-topped flowers that mature into fruits (drupe) of fleshy outside enclosing a single stone seed in late summer or fall.|
|Form:||Black Haw - Large shrub
or small tree to 25 feet tall, compact crown, trunk short
Downy Arrowwood - Shrub to 6 feet tall, much branches with upright straight stems.
Dockmackie - Shrub to 6 feet tall (usually 3 to 4), straggling and open.
|Leaves:||Black Haw - Oval,
pointed to blunt tips, fine teeth on margin, smooth,
leathery, fall foliage dark purple to scarlet.
Downy Arrowwood - Roundish, short or no petiole, coarse teeth on margin, heart shaped base, long downy hairs beneath, fall foliage yellow to light scarlet.
Dockmackie - Roundish, deeply 3-lobed (similar to red maple), course teeth on margin, velvety hairs beneath, fall foliage purple.
|Flowers:||Black Haw - Numerous
creamy white clusters that are showy (April-June);
matures to edible dark blue to black fleshy fruits with a
sweet pulp, September-October.
Downy Arrowwood - Small white clusters on long stems in June-July; matures to a small black fruit in autumn.
Dockmackie - Showy clusters of white flowers on long stems in May and June; matures to a small black fruit in autumn.
Compiled by: William N. Grafton, naturalist, botanist and wildlife extension specialist, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core