Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
American Hazelnut - Corylus
Beaked Hazelnut - C. cornuta
|Form:||American - Shrub to 9
Beaked - Shrub 3 to 9 feet tall.
|Bark and Twigs:||American - Young shoots
and twigs are bristly with stiff hairs that fall off
after the first year
Beaked - Twigs smooth, not glandular-bristly.
|Leaves:||In general are simple, alternate,
American - Ovate 3 to 6 inches long, toothed margin, autumn color yellow.
Beaked - Oval and pointed at the tip, 2 to 4 inches long, toothed margin, autumn color yellow.
September-October, Round thin-shelled brown nut 1/2 inch
in diameter and enclosed in a cut-toothed leafy husk.
Beaked - September, similar to American but leafy husks form a long beak-like protrusion which gives the plant its common name.
Compiled by: Joseph Glencoe, Professor of Biology, West Virginia Wesleyan College, Buckhannon, West Virginia (now deceased)
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core