Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
|Rose family - Shrubs that are usually prickly or bristly with arching or upright branches. Compound alternative leaves with 3 to 11 leaflets and leafy stipules (wings) at the leaf base. Twigs are usually green or red. Showy flowers that develop into fleshy red or orange fruits, called hips, containing many seeds.|
|Form:||Prairie - Climbing by
twining stems or reclining.
Swamp - Upright shrub, 10 feet tall that forms dense thickets.
Pasture - Upright, 3 to 5 feet tall, suckers freely.
|Twigs:||Swamp - Large straight
or curved prickles.
Pasture - Stems with small straight thorns.
Prickly Wild - Densely bristly with needle-like prickles.
|Leaves:||In general, are deciduous, alternate and
Prairie - 3 leaflets with long pointed tips, red-orange fall color.
Swamp - 5 to 9 leaflets, small teeth on margin, red-orange fall color.
Pasture -7 leaflets, coarse teeth on margin, red-orange fall color.
Prickly Wild - 3 to 7 leaflets.
|Flowers:||All species have showy pink flowers (Prairie-flowers can be white) that bloom from June-Aug. Fruit of hip is red or orange.|
Uses: Hedges, borders, groups and as a
Light: Full sun.
Soil Moisture: Wide range with Swamp Rose preferring wet soils and Carolina and Prairie Roses preferring dry soils.
Soil pH: Wide variation of adaptability with Prairie Rose preferring more neutral soils and the other roses preferring acid to neutral soils.
Problems: Leaves preferred by Japanese beetle. Fungus diseases of powdery mildew and black spot can kill leaves. Most roses spread quite readily by root suckers. Renewal pruning to remove old stems and promote new growth is necessary after a few years.
Compiled by: William N. Grafton, naturalist, botanist and wildlife specialist, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core