Native Shrubs ... in wildlife landscaping
West Virginia Native Plant Society
West Virginia Nongame Wildlife Program
|Form:||Roundleaf - Slender,
straggling shrub to 8 feet tall, stems solitary or few in
a clump, often with drooping branches.
Low - Upright shrub to 5 feet tall, spreading from roots and forming colonies
Oblong-fruited - Upright to 9 feet tall, stems solitary or few in clumps.
|Bark:||Tight, dark gray, with vertical, twisting lighter stripes on older stems.|
|Leaves:||Simple, alternate, deciduous, autumn
color ranges from yellow to orange to reddish.
Roundleaf - Oval or oblong, coarsely toothed margin (6 to 12 teeth per inch).
Low - Oval or oblong, coarsely toothed margin (6 to 12 teeth per inch), often toothed only from tip to midpoint.
Oblong-fruited - Oblong, fine teeth on margin (14 to 30 per inch).
|Flowers:||In general, serviceberries have clusters
of drooping white showy flowers in early spring.
Roundleaf and Low - Terminal clusters of 3 to 14 long, white flowers (March - April).
Oblong-fruited - Terminal and axillary clusters of 1 to 2 long, white flowers (April).
|Fruit:||Roundleaf and Low -
Round berrylike fruit that is red to deep purple, sweet,
juicy and containing many small seeds (June).
Oblong-fruited - Berrylike fruit is longer than thick and dark purplish-black in color (July).
Compiled by: William N. Grafton, naturalist, botanist and wildlife specialist, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Written by West Virginia Native Plant Society members and jointly published with the WV Nongame Program
Illustration from Flora of West Virginia, Strausbaugh and Core